BET. 1589 - 1610 King of France
BET. 1572 - 1610 King of Navarre
Henry IV, 1553-1610, King of France (1589-1610) and, as Henry III, King of Navarre (1572-1610), was the first BOURBON monarch of France. Raised as a Protestant, he became (1569) the nominal head of the Huguenots. To save himself from the Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre (1572), Henry renounced his faith. He returned to Protestantism in 1576, however, and led a combined force of Protestants and moderate Catholics against Henry III and the Catholic League (for the resulting conflict see under Henry III, above). Henry became heir to the throne in 1584 and became king after Henry III was assassinated (1589). He defeated the Catholic League at Arques (1589) and Ivry (1590) but abandoned the siege of Paris when the league received aid from Spain. In 1593 Henry again abjured Protestantism, allegedly with the remark Paris is well worth a Mass. He entered the city in 1594, and his conciliatory policy soon won him general support. He waged a successful war (1595-98) against Spain, and by the Edict of NANTES (1598) established political rights and a measure of religious freedom for the Huguenots. The rest of his reign was spent restoring order, industry, and trade. He was assassinated by a fanatic, François Ravaillac. In 1600 Henry had married MARIE DE' MEDICI, and he was succeeded by their son LOUIS XIII. Henry IV's gallantry, wit, and concern for the common people have become legendary.
Source from Hills/Hatcher Family Tree on World Connect