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GERMANY Matilda (Maud) Empress Of
Female Bef 1102 - 1169


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  • Birth  Bef 5 Aug 1102  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Female 
    Died  10 Sep 1169  Notre Dame, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Bec Abbey, Le Bec-Hellouin, Eure, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Matilda, daughter of King Henry I of England, *was* her father's heiress.

      Henry had 22-24 bastards and a legitimate son, William The Aetheling, who was
      drowned in the Wreck of the White Ship on 25 November 1125 ---- ten years
      before Henry's death.

      So, Henry I had no surviving legitimate son to succeed to the throne.
      Matilda, his legitimate daughter, had married Henry V, The Holy Roman Emperor
      and was styled as The Empress Matilda in English, as she preferred. Her
      husband, Henry V died in 1125 of cancer. The couple had no issue.

      Matilda returned to England after the death of her husband and Henry I began
      to groom her for succession to the throne. She was widowed and childless as
      well as pretty well Germanised [read arrogant and pretentious, in English
      eyes], having first gone to the Continent when she was eight years old and
      having married Henry V when she was 11.

      The British nobles and bishops did not particularly cotton to this
      Jennie-foreigner as their future queen ---- but Henry I did his best to secure
      their oaths of support that they would loyally defend her claims if she
      outlived her father and he left no legitimate son.

      Matilda married Geoffrey 'le Bel' comte d'Anjou, Touraine et Maine in 1127.

      Now she was Brunhilde with a frog husband in the minds of many of the stalwart
      British nobles and bishops.

      Henry I died in 1135 without fathering a legitimate son. His death led to a
      disputed succession just as had the deaths of the two previous Norman kings of
      England, William I 'The Conqueror' and William II 'Rufus'.

      When Henry I died on 1 Dec 1135, of a surfeit of lampreys as some say, Matilda
      was out of pocket on the Continent.

      Stephen, a grandson of William The Conqueror, quickly seized the initiative
      and crossed to England to seize the crown where he was accepted as King by the
      worthies of London, whose trading connections with Stephen's lands in Boulogne
      helped to win them to his side.

      Stephen pressed on to Winchester, where his brother, Bishop Henry of
      Winchester, persuaded an initially reluctant Archbishop of Canterbury to crown
      Stephen as King, the custodian of the treasure to hand over the keys, and the
      magnates who were present to accept him as monarch.

      Some of the nobles and clerics seem to have abandoned Matilda because they
      construed their oath to Henry I to have held only if Henry did not give his
      daughter Matilda in marriage to anyone outside the Kingdom without consulting
      them.

      A Great Civil War ensued when Matilda tried to fight back and reclaim the
      throne in 1139. This Civil War lasted until 1153 when Stephen finally agreed
      to allow Matilda's son Henry to succeed him on the throne as Henry II
      'Curtmantle'. Yes, the one who was married to Eleanor of Aquitaine,
      Richardson. Henry II also inherited his father Geoffrey's lands and titles.
      Geoffrey was quite a dashing figure, the Antonio Banderas of his day.
    Person ID  I839  Royal Family of Europe
    Last Modified  9 Mar 2003 

    Father  ENGLAND Henry I "Beauclerc" King Of,   b. 1068, Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1135, St Denis, Seine-St Denis, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  SCOTLAND Matilda "Atheling" Princess Of,   b. Abt 1079/1080, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1118, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  11 Nov 1100  Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F364  Group Sheet

    Family  PLANTAGENET Geoffrey V "le Bon",   b. 24 Aug 1113, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1151, Chateau, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  22 May 1127  , Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. PLANTAGENET Agnes,   b. Abt 1130, <, Le Mans, Sarthe, France> Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1192, Of, Anyore, , England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. ENGLAND Henry II "Plantagenet" King Of,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-Et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. PLANTAGENET Geoffrey VI "Mantell",   b. 3 Jun 1134, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Jul 1157, Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, France Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. PLANTAGENET Guillaume,   b. 22 Jul 1136, Argentan, Orne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1163/1164, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. PLANTAGENET Emma,   b. Abt 1138, Of Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F393  Group Sheet



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