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OF BULGARIA Ferdinand I
Male 1861 - 1948


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  • Birth  26 Feb 1861  Vienna, Austria Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  10 Sep 1948  Coburg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • In 1878, Russia forced Turkey to give Bulgaria its independence after the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), but the European powers, fearing Russia's and Bulgaria's dominance in the Balkans, intervened at the Congress of Berlin (1878), limited Bulgaria's territory, and fashioned it into a small principality ruled by the nephew of the Russian czar, Alexander of Battenburg.

      Alexander was succeeded in 1887 by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who declared a kingdom independent of Russia on Oct. 5, 1908. In the First Balkan War (1912-13), Bulgaria and the other members of the Balkan League fought against Turkey to regain Balkan territory. Angered by the small portion of Macedonia it received after the battle-it considered Macedonia an integral part of Bulgaria-the country instigated the Second Balkan War (June-Aug. 1913) against Turkey as well as its former allies. Bulgaria lost the war and all the territory it had gained in the First Balkan War. Bulgaria joined Germany in World War I in the hope of again gaining Macedonia. After this second failure, Ferdinand abdicated in favor of his son in 1918. Boris III squandered Bulgaria's resources and assumed dictatorial powers in 1934-35. Bulgaria fought on the side of the Nazis in World War II, but after Russia declared war on Bulgaria on Sept. 5, 1944, Bulgaria switched sides. Three days later, on Sept. 9, 1944, a Communist coalition took control of the country and set up a government under Kimon Georgiev.
    Person ID  I4510  Royal Family of Europe
    Last Modified  15 Dec 2001 

    Father  OF SAXE-COBURG Augustus,   b. 1818, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1881 
    Mother  OF FRANCE Clementine,   b. 1817, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1907 
    Married  1843 
    Family ID  F1138  Group Sheet

    Family  OF PARMA Mary Louise,   b. 1870, Parma, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1899 
    Married  1893 
    Children 
    >1. BULGARIA Boris III of, King of Bulgaria,   b. 30 Jan 1894, Sofia, Bulgaria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1943, Sofia, Bulgaria Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. OF BULGARIA Nadezhda,   b. 1899, , , Bulgaria Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1958
    Family ID  F1085  Group Sheet



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