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HANOVER George III of England 

HANOVER George III of England

Male 1738 - 1820

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  • Birth  24 May 1738  Norfolk-House, St. James Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened  4 Jun 1738  Norfolk House, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Died  29 Jan 1820  Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  16 Feb 1820  Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • AFN: 9FNG-NM

      George III was the longest reigning of male British monarchs. Born onJune 4, 1738, he was the son of Frederick, prince of Wales, and thegrandson of George II. He succeeded his grandfather in 1760, his fatherhaving died in 1751.

      George had high but impractical ideas of kingship. On his accession he sought to rule without regard to party, to banish corruption from political practice, and to abandon the Hanoverian preoccupations of his predecessors. The chief minister chosen to implement his new system of politics, the third earl of Bute (1713-92), however, was an unpracticed politician who merely succeeded in disrupting the established politics of the day without creating a viable alternative. The result was 10 years of ministerial instability and public controversy, which ended only in 1770 with the appointment of Frederick, Lord North, an able and congenial minister.

      Although never an autocratic monarch in the sense that his opponents contended, George III was always a powerful force in politics. He was a strong supporter of the war against America, and he viewed the concession of independence in 1783 with such detestation that he considered abdicating his throne. At the same time, he fought a bitter personal feud with the Whig leader Charles James Fox, and his personal intervention brought the fall of the Fox-North ministry in 1783. He then found another minister, William Pitt, the Younger, who suited him. Even as late as 1801 he preferred, however, to force Pitt to resign as prime minister rather than permit Catholic Emancipation, a measure that he interpreted as contrary to his coronation oath to uphold the Church of England.

      After 1801 George III was increasingly incapacitated by an illness ,sometimes identified as porphyria, that caused blindness and senility. His recurring bouts of insanity became a political problem and ultimately compelled him to submit to the establishment of a formal Regency in 1811.The regent was his oldest son, the future George IV, one of 15 children borne him by his wife, Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

      George III was bitterly criticized by Whig historians of his own and later days. But 20th-century scholarship has somewhat redressed the balance, and he is now seen as a strong-minded but public-spirited monarch who perhaps ascended the throne at an overly young and impressionable age. He learned quickly, however, and developed into a shrewd and sensible statesman, although one of conservative views. To the court he brought a sense of public duty and private morality that proved popular in a society already being transformed by the evangelical revival. He showed considerable interest in agricultural improvement and was an avid collector of paintings and books. The best loved of the Hanoverian rulers, he enjoyed a personal reputation that stood his house in good stead during the disastrous reign of his son George. George III died on Jan. 29, 1820.

      > Can anyone point me to a good online source for the children of King
      > George III of England including illegitimate, what's known of. I used
      > to think there was a newsgroup for royalty but couldn't find one,
      > apologies this being off-topic.

      1) George, Prince of Wales, later George IV (1762-1830)
      2) Frederick, Duke of York (1763-1827)
      3) William, Duke of Clarence, later William IV (1765-1837)
      4) Edward, Duke of Kent (1767-1820) (father of Queen Victoria)
      5) Princess Augusta (1768-1840)
      6) Princess Elizabeth, m. Frederick of Hesse-Homburg (1770-1840)
      7) Ernest, Duke of Cumberland, later King of Hanover (1771-1851)
      8) Augustus, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843)
      9) Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (1774-1850)
      10) Princess Sophia (1777-1845)
      11) Prince Octavius (1779-1783)
      12) Prince Alfred (1780-1782)
      13) Princess Amelia (1783-1810)
      14) Princess Mary, m. the Duke of Gloucester (1776-1857)

      George III had no illegitimate children, having a most un-Hanoverian fidelity
      to Queen Charlotte.
    Person ID  I35  Royal Family of Europe
    Last Modified  24 Aug 2003 

    Father  HANOVER Frederick Louis, Of Wales,   b. 31 Jan 1707, , Hanover, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1751, Leicester-House, London, England, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  SAXE-GOTHA Auguste Princess Of,   b. 30 Nov 1719, Gotha Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Feb 1772, Carlton House, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  27 Apr 1736  St James Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F48  Group Sheet

    Family 1  SHELDON Margaret Frances,   b. Abt 1742, Norfolk House, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1846, Witham, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. TALBOT John Stuart,   b. 27 Apr 1773, Of St. Margaret, Westminister, London, Middsex., Eng.i Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1853, Grahamstown, Cape Of Good Hope, S-Afr. Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F47  Group Sheet

    Family 2  LIGHTFOOT Hannah,   b. 12 Oct 1730, St. John's, Wapping, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  17 Apr 1759 
    Children 
    >1. REX George,   b. 1750, London, , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1821, , Green, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F46  Group Sheet

    Family 3  OF MECKLENBURG Sophia Charlotte,   b. 19 May 1744, Mirow, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Nov 1818, Kew Palace, Kew Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  8 Sep 1761  St. James' Palace Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Feodora of Leiningen
     2. Charles of Leiningen
    >3. HANOVER George IV,   b. 12 Aug 1762, St. James' Palace Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1830, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. HANOVER Frederick of York,   b. 16 Aug 1763, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1827, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. HANOVER William IV (Henry),   b. 21 Aug 1765, Buckingham House, St. James' Park Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 1837, Windsor Castle Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. HANOVER Charlotte Augusta Matilda,   b. 29 Sep 1766, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct 1828, Ludwigsburg Find all individuals with events at this location
    >7. HANOVER Edward Augustus Of,   b. 2 Nov 1767, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jan 1820, Sidmouth, Devon, England, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. HANOVER Augusta Sophia,   b. 8 Nov 1768, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Sep 1840, London, , England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. HANOVER Elizabeth,   b. 22 May 1770, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jan 1840, Frankfurt, -Am-Main Find all individuals with events at this location
     10. OF HANOVER Ernest Augustus I,   b. 5 Jun 1771, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Nov 1851, Herrenhausen Find all individuals with events at this location
     11. OF SUSSEX Augustus Frederick,   b. 27 Jan 1773, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Apr 1843, Kensington, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
    >12. HANOVER Adolphus , Duke of Cambridge,   b. 24 Feb 1774, Buckingham House Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1850, Cambridge House, Piccadilly Find all individuals with events at this location
     13. HANOVER Mary,   b. 25 Apr 1776, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1857, Piccadilly, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
     14. HANOVER Sophia,   b. 2 Nov 1777, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1848, Kensington, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
     15. HANOVER Octavius,   b. 23 Feb 1779, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1783, Kew Palace Find all individuals with events at this location
     16. HANOVER Alfred,   b. 22 Sep 1780, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Aug 1783, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
     17. HANOVER Amelia,   b. 7 Aug 1783, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1810, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F45  Group Sheet

  • Photos

    Status: Located



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