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HANOVER Queen Victoria of England 

HANOVER Queen Victoria of England

Female 1819 - 1901

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  • Title  Queen 
    Birth  24 May 1819  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Female 
    Died  22 Jan 1901  Osborne House, Isle Of Wight, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Victoria, queen of Great Britain and Ireland (r. 1837-1901), the longest-reigning monarch in English history, established the monarchy asa respected and popular institution while it was irrevocably losing its place as an integral part of the British governing system.

      Born in Kensington Palace, London, on May 24, 1819, Victoria was the only child of Edward, duke of Kent and son of George III, and PrincessVictoria, daughter of the duke of Saxe-Coburg. Emerging from a lonely, secluded childhood to take the throne on the death of her uncle, WilliamIV, Victoria displayed a personality marked by strong prejudices and awillful stubbornness. She was strongly attached to the Whig prime minister Lord Melbourne; after he resigned in 1839, Sir Robert Peel, his would-be successor, suggested that she dismiss the Whig ladies of hercourt. Victoria, however, refused. In part because of this "bed chamber crisis," Melbourne resumed office for two more years.

      Victoria and her court were greatly transformed by her marriage to her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg, in 1840. Although her name now designates a supposedly prudish age, it was Albert who made a point of straitlaced behavior, and introduced a strict decorum in court. He also gave a more conservative tinge to Victoria's politics, leading her to become close to Peel. The couple had nine children. Victoria populated most of the thrones of Europe with her descendants. Among her grandchildren were Emperor William II of Germany and Alexandra, consort of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

      Albert taught Victoria the need for hard work if she was to make her views felt in the cabinet, and during the prince's lifetime Victoria did, by insistently interjecting her opinions, force the ministers to take them into account. Opposing the policy of Lord Palmerston of encouraging democratic government on the Continent, for example, she was partlyresponsible for his departure as foreign secretary in 1851. She also helped form cabinets. Her political importance was based, however, upon the temporarily factionalized state of Commons between 1846 and 1868,when royal intervention was needed to help glue together majoritycoalitions.

      Always prone to self-pity, Victoria fully indulged her grief at Albert's death in 1861. She remained in mourning until her own death, making fewpublic appearances and spending most of each year on the Isle of Wight and in the Scottish Highlands, where her closest companion was a dour Scottish servant, John Brown. Her popularity declined as a result, and republican sentiment appeared during the late 1860s.

      Victoria, however, regained the people's admiration when she resumed her determined efforts to steer public affairs. She won particular esteem for defending the popular imperialist policies of the Conservative ministries of Benjamin Disraeli, who flattered her relentlessly and made her empress of India in 1876. Conversely, she flayed William E. Gladstone, theLiberal prime minister, whom she intensely disliked, for ostensibly weakening the empire. Although Victoria also attacked Gladstone for encouraging democratic trends, the celebrations of her golden and diamond jubilees in 1887 and 1897 demonstrated her great popularity.

      In Victoria's later career, her attempts to influence government decisions ceased to carry significant weight. The Reform Act of 1867, by doubling the electorate, strengthened party organization and eliminated the need for a mediator--the monarch--among factions in Commons.

      Victoria died on Jan. 22, 1901. She was succeeded by her son, Edward VII.Her letters have been published in three series (1907; 1926-28; 1930-32).
    Person ID  I3  Royal Family of Europe
    Last Modified  26 Aug 2003 

    Father  HANOVER Edward Augustus Of,   b. 2 Nov 1767, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jan 1820, Sidmouth, Devon, England, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  OF SAXE-COBURG Victoria Mary Louisa,   b. 17 Aug 1786, Coburg, , Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1861, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  11 Jul 1818  , , England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F6  Group Sheet

    Family  SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA Albert (Francis) Augustus Charles Prince Of,   b. 26 Aug 1819, Schloss Rosenau, Near Coburg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1861, Windsor, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  10 Feb 1840  London, , England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    >1. OF SAXE-COBURG Victoria Adelaide Mary,   b. 21 Nov 1840, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Aug 1901, Friedrichshof, Near, Kronberg, Taunus Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. WINDSOR Albert Edward VII "Bertie",   b. 9 Nov 1841, Buckingham Palac, Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 May 1910, Buckingham Palac, Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. SAXE-COBURG Alice Maud Mary Princess of,   b. 25 Apr 1843, Buckingham Palace, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1878, Darmstadt, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. OF SAXE-COBURG Alfred Ernest Albert,   b. 6 Aug 1844, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1900, Schloss Rosenau, Near Coburg Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. OF SAXE-COBURG Helena Augusta Victoria,   b. 25 May 1846, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jun 1923, Schomberg House, Pall Mall, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. OF SAXE-COBURG Louise Caroline Alberta,   b. 18 Mar 1848, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Dec 1939, Kensington, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location
    >7. OF SAXE-COBURG Arthur William Patrick,   b. 1 May 1850, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jan 1942, Bagshot Park, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location
    >8. OF SAXE-COBURG Leopold George Duncan,   b. 7 Apr 1853, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Mar 1884, Cannes, France Find all individuals with events at this location
    >9. OF SAXE-COBURG Beatrice Mary Victoria,   b. 14 Apr 1857, Buckingham, London, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1944, Bantridge Park, Balcombe, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F5  Group Sheet

  • Photos

    Status: Located



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