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301 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
302 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
303 He married Princess Victoria of Baden on September 20, 1881. She was the granddaughter of Sofia of Sweden, and her marriage to Gustav V united the reigning Bernadotte dynasty with the former royal house of Vasa. OF BADEN Victoria
 
304 In 1878, Russia forced Turkey to give Bulgaria its independence after the Russo-Turkish War (1877-78), but the European powers, fearing Russia's and Bulgaria's dominance in the Balkans, intervened at the Congress of Berlin (1878), limited Bulgaria's territory, and fashioned it into a small principality ruled by the nephew of the Russian czar, Alexander of Battenburg.

Alexander was succeeded in 1887 by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, who declared a kingdom independent of Russia on Oct. 5, 1908. In the First Balkan War (1912-13), Bulgaria and the other members of the Balkan League fought against Turkey to regain Balkan territory. Angered by the small portion of Macedonia it received after the battle-it considered Macedonia an integral part of Bulgaria-the country instigated the Second Balkan War (June-Aug. 1913) against Turkey as well as its former allies. Bulgaria lost the war and all the territory it had gained in the First Balkan War. Bulgaria joined Germany in World War I in the hope of again gaining Macedonia. After this second failure, Ferdinand abdicated in favor of his son in 1918. Boris III squandered Bulgaria's resources and assumed dictatorial powers in 1934-35. Bulgaria fought on the side of the Nazis in World War II, but after Russia declared war on Bulgaria on Sept. 5, 1944, Bulgaria switched sides. Three days later, on Sept. 9, 1944, a Communist coalition took control of the country and set up a government under Kimon Georgiev. 
OF BULGARIA Ferdinand I
 
305 http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingrid_of_Sweden OF DENMARK Ingrid Viktoria Sofia Louise, Queen
 
306 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
307 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
308 http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/russian/chrono2.html OF RUSSIA Peter I "The Great"
 
309 http://www.regiments.org/milhist/biography/royals/1883alic.htm OF SAXE-COBURG Alice Of Athlone
 
310 Princess Astrid of Sweden was born on November 17, 1905. She was the youngest daughter of Prince Charles of Sweden, Duke of Vastergotland, and Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. Astrid's grandparents were King Oscar II of Sweden and King Frederick VIII of Denmark. Astrid"s sister, Princess Martha, married the future King Olaf V of Norway. Her eldest sister, Princess Margaretha married Prince Axel of Denmark, while her only brother Prince Carl, Duke of Ostergotland, married morganatically. Some months later, King Albert I and Queen Elisabeth of Belgium invited the press to the royal palace in Brussels. "The Queen and I, declared Albert, would like to announce to you the impending marriage between Prince Leopold, Duke of Brabant and the Princess Astrid of Sweden. We are convinced that the princess will bring joy and happiness to our son. Leopold and Astrid have decided to join their lives without any pressures or reasons of state. Theirs is a true union among people with the same inclinations." Queen Elisabeth, incorrigible romantic that she was, insisted in saying "It is a marriage of love...tell it to our people. Nothing was arranged. Not a single political consideration prevailed in our son's decision." Leopold and Astrid were married in Brussels on November 10, 1926. Astrid was immediately adopted by the Belgians. She was tender, understanding and profoundly human. Her public and official engagements irradiated enthusiasm. Leopold was her most fervent admirer. The love shared by the young couple was evident to all. In more than one occasion people could see them holding hands, even during official engagements. Astrid was immediately adopted by the Belgians. OF SWEDEN Astrid
 
311 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
312 If it wasn't obvious from the excerpt, the Countess von Platen that was responsible for
killing Philipp KÖNIGSMARK was the woman born Clara Elisabeth von Meysenbug, wife of Franz Ernst von Platten Hallermund and lover of King George I's father, Ernst Augustus, Elector of Hannover. 
OFFELN Sofie Caroline Baroness
 
313 Constantine and Sophie had two additional children, one of whom died in 1913.
http://www.uk-genealogy.org.uk/Database/D0016/I6998.html 
OLDENBURG Constantine I
 
314 Source from Hills/Hatcher Family Tree on World Connect ORLEANS Marguerite Countess Of
 
315 Commanded the Anglo-Belgian cavalry at Waterloo and lost a leg there.
Was created Marquis of Anglesey, three weeks after the action at Waterloo.

One-Leg: The Life and Letters of Henry William Paget, First Marquess of Anglesey, K.G., 1768-1854, Jonathan Cape 1961.

The 4th Earl of Uxbridge [later Marquess of Anglesey] also seems to have excelled at Corunna, commanding the Cavalry, for Sir John Moore.

Although he had brilliantly commanded the rearguard during the retreat to Corunna, the cavalry, together with Sir Henry Paget himself, did not take part in the battle of 16th January, because they had already embarked ship and set sail for England. His affair and elopement with Wellington's sister-in-law ensured that he would not see active service in the Iberian Peninsula again.

He lived on until 1854 ---- outliving Wellington. When he died, he was the only Field Marshal in the Army, with the exception of the Royal Family. He was buried in Lichfield Cathedral.

David Read  
PAGET Henry William, 4th Earl of Uxbridge and Marquis of Anglesey
 
316 [Hollingg.ged]

From Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996. 
PARKER Ann
 
317 [Hollingg.ged]

From Ancestral File (TM), data as of 2 January 1996. 
PARKER Ann
 
318 1881 Census: PRO Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 3391 / 33 Page Number 7
Family History Library Film 1341810
Census Place Stanton By Dale, Derby, England
Dwelling 17 Lilock Rd
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace Occupation Disability
David PARKER Head M Male 64 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England Cottager
Mary PARKER Wife M Female 64 Lambley, Nottingham, England
Arthur PARKER Son U Male 28 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England Commercial Clerk
Clara PARKER Daur U Female 30 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England

Christ Church Cotmanhay Parish Monumental Inscriptions
No:4
"In loving memory of ELLEN, beloved wife of John Hallam of Shipley. Who
died Nov 13 1882 aged 52.
Also Clare Hallam died march 1 1895
Slate upright - East corner.
Register of Deaths 1st Quarter March 1895 Page 171
Clara, 43, Basford Vol: 7b Page 107
 
PARKER Clara
 
319 1881 Census: PRO Reference RG11 Piece / Folio 3391 / 33 Page Number 7
Family History Library Film 1341810
Census Place Stanton By Dale, Derby, England
Dwelling 17 Lilock Rd
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace Occupation Disability
David PARKER Head M Male 64 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England Cottager
Mary PARKER Wife M Female 64 Lambley, Nottingham, England
Arthur PARKER Son U Male 28 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England Commercial Clerk
Clara PARKER Daur U Female 30 Stanton By Dale, Derby, England  
PARKER David
 
320 If we put together what has been published about the mistresses of Edward
IV, we may get an interesting picture.

Cahiers de Saint Louis, page 880, gives Edward IV
by Elisabeth/Elizabeth Waite
1.Arthur
by NN
2.Grace
3.Elisabeth/Elizabeth, she married her cousin Thomas, 4th Lord Lumley
(he wasn't a Lord Lumley!!!)

The Plantagenet Encyclopedia, General Editor Elizabeth Hallam, page 160.
Arthur Plantagenet, died 1542. Illegitimate son of Edward IV of England and
Elizabeth Lucy, daughter of Thomas Wayte, a minor Hampshire gentleman. Their
affaire lasted from around Edward IV's accession in 1461 to his marriage to
Elizabeth Woodville in 1464.

The Complete Peerage Volume VIII page 63.
Elizabeth suo jure Baroness Lisle, married (2) 12 November 1511
Arthur Plantagenet, illegitimate son of Edward IV. His mother's name is
unknown; by some said to be the "Lady Elizabeth Lucy" by others the
notorious Jane Shore, and by others one Elizabeth Waite, he himself being at
first known as Arthur Waite.

Blood Royal, by Charles Mosley, pages65 and 166
He gives Edward IV nine legitimate children whereas Cahiers de Saint Louis
gives as a tenth legitimate child Brigitte 1480-1517.

One less legitimate child but one more illegitimate one. However,
uncertainty is certainly indicated.
Edward IV is said to have had (a) a bastard son (Edward, of Wigmore, died
young 1468) by Eleanor, daughter of the 4th Earl of Ormonde.
====somehow I doubt this one, as wasn't Eleanor Butler supposedly engaged to
Edward IV? An engagement (if there was one) which should render the children
by Elizabeth Woodville illegitimate?

(b) a bastard daughter (Elizabeth married Thomas Lumley and had issue) by a
woman referred to as "Lady Elizabeth Lucy" presumably wife of Sir William
Lucy who died in 1492 and (c) illegitimately either by Elizabeth (not
Jane) Shore (wife of William Shore, a London merchant) on whom he fathered a
bastard daughter Grace (living 1492, Or Elizabeth Waite;
===the link between Elizabeth Waite and what follows is, to me, not very
clear=====
4e.Arthur, surname originally Waite or Wayte, subsequently Plantagenet,
born circa 1470.

What have we got from this? That Arthur was known as Arthur Waite, may give
an indication that his mother was Elizabeth Waite/Wayte. Elizabeth Hallam's
book makes this Elizabeth Waite a Mrs. Elizabeth Lucy. The Complete Peerage
makes this Mrs. Elizabeth a Lady Elizabeth Lucy. "Blood Royal" makes Lady
Elizabeth Lucy also mother of Elizabeth (Lumley).

Elizabeth Hallam indicates as years of possible birth of the child(ren) of
Edward IV by Elizabeth Waite as about 1461 till 1464/5. "Blood Royal"
guesses that Arthur was born about 1470 and Richardson guesses "say 1475".
Richardson wants him to be as young as possible, because Arthur didn't marry
until 1511.

If Arthur was born in 1463 he would have been about 48 when marrying,
if he was born in 1470 he would have been 41, if born in 1475 he would have
been about 36.

However, we most not forget that he was in 1511 "only" the bastard brother
of the Queen, and also he married the widow of a disgraced man, disgraced
enough to be decapitated. And this, in my opinion, makes the age of Arthur,
when marrying, irrelevant, he could well have been 48 as easy as only 36.

For the children of Thomas Lumley and Elizabeth "Plantagenet", Richardson
seems to follow Burke's Extinct Peerage,
one son, Richard (Lord Lumley)
and three daughters
Anne (wife of Robert Ogle)
Sibyl (wife of William Hilton
Elizabeth (wife of Robert Cresswell)

Then follows a weird observation "Descendants (not traced)". Whose
descendants? Or, not traced by whom? Especially as earlier in his message he
notes that Gary Boyd Roberts indicated that there are American descendants
of Elizabeth Lumley.

Cahiers de Saint Louis, which Richardson has learned to appreciate, gives
the same three daughters but instead of one son, gives four sons. The last
son, Roger, is important as he is an ancestor of Prince Charles (See Paget
O24907).

That Richardson's remark "Descendants (not traced)" is ludicrous can also be
shown by the known acestry of just three of the children of Thomas and
Elizabeth Lumley (let's skip Roger, he has been shown to have descendants
till the present):

Richard Lumley
he is an ancestor of the later Earls of Scarborough, HRH Richard, Duke of
Gloucester, Dukes of Buccleuch, Dukes of Northumberland, Marquess of
Exeter, Marquess of Linlithgow, Marquess of Zetland

Anne Lumley
she is ancestor of HM the Queen, Lady Diana Spencer, Sarah Ferguson, Dukes
of Atholl, Bedford, Northumberland, Richmond, Earls of Harewood and Warwick

Sybil Lumley
she is ancestor of HM the Queen, Lady Diana Spencer, Dukes of Abercorn,
Buccleuch, Devonshire, Marlborough, Westminster, Northumberland and the last
Duke of Leeds.

Hope this is of some interest and helps.
As always, best wishes
Leo van de Pas 
PLANTAGENET Elizabeth
 
321 She was King George's half-sister, not his mistress. According to vol. 14 of the Complete Peerage:

“The stories that Sophia Charlotte was mistress of George I were demolished in Ragnild Hatton, George I, Elector and King, 1879, pp. 23-4, 134-5.” 
PLATTEN-HALLERMUND Charlotte (Sophia) Von
 
322 It is believed that she may have been the queen for whom Queens Borough of New York City is named. PORTUGAL Catharina Henriette Princess Of
 
323 Fearing Napoleon's onslaught the Portuguese royal family left Lisbon and moved their court to Brazil, the crown's most prized possession. Dom Joao of Braganza, Regent of Portugal, packed his family and his demented mother, Queen Maria I, and headed for the sunny coasts of Brazil. As the Portuguese royal family left Lisbon, Napoleon's troops led by the anti-monarchist General Junot overran the Portuguese border. On a cold November morning in 1807, the royal exodus started its long voyage into exile. Along with the royal family came an entourage estimated to include almost fifteen thousand people. The people of Lisbon watched in dismay as their ruler abandoned the country to the fate of the invading Napoleonic legions. But he had made the decision to escape the invasion, nothing would deter Dom Joao who believed that moving to Brazil would save his family from becoming Napoleon's puppets just as some of his royal cousins throughout Europe had Done. The Portuguese royal contingent arrived on the coasts of Brazil on January 21, 1808. Brazilians who witnessed this most unexpected arrival went wild with ovations for the exiled royals. Two months later the royal party arrived at their final destination, the beautiful port of Rio de Janeiro. It was at Rio that Dom Joao decided to settle his court in exile, and it was from there that he vigorously rebuild the fortunes of his shattered kingdom. Dom Joao opened Brazilian ports to foreign trade and basically constituted the colony into an independent, self-reliant kingdom under the rule of the House of Braganza. In due time, Dom Joao would acquire properties in the countryside to where the royal family would retire to lead a quiet life away from the exigencies of court life. The fall of Napoleon in 1814 restored the Portuguese royal family to their throne in Lisbon. Despite this event, Dom Joao refused to return to Europe until the political situation there settled. He was also faced with an uncertain future in Brazil if he departed. PORTUGAL, BRAZIL AND THE ALGARVES Jodao VI King Of
 
324 Born in Markham near Shuttlewood, lived at Sunnybanks, Stamfree.
Had 5 Brothers & 5 Sisters.

60, Shuttlewood Road, Bolsover, Derbys.
Eunice Crowder has death certificate.


Buried at Bolsover Cemetary. Thro gates, 20yds past tree, RHS, 20 yds.
M.I. - Percy Crowder. Accidentally killed Feb 23 1953, Aged 57 Years.
A dear Wife and mother, Edith May Crowder, Died 11 May 1986, Aged 86 years.
Also, His dear Daughter Kathleen, who died April 20 1933, aged 13.
Kathleen died of dropsy. 
ROBINSON Edith May
 
325 Found burial at Church of St.Peters & St.Paul, Sutton Cum Duckmanton - thro' gate, r/h/s, second tree, 12 feet on, 12 feet to right. Large low square stones.
M.I. Mary Ann Robinson, Died Dec 15 1925 Aged 50 Years.
Also, John William Robinson, Her beloved Husband, Died Jan 2 1939, aged 64 Years.

Marriages Sep 1895
Robinson John William W Chesterfield Volume: 7b Page: 1049

1881 Census PRO Reference: RG11 Piece / Folio 3245 / 44 Page Number 13
Dwelling Broxholme. Census Place Broxholme, Lincoln, England

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace Occupation Disability
Thomas ROBINSON Head M Male 61 Spridlington, Lincoln, England Agricultural Labourer
Elizabeth ROBINSON Wife M Female 56 Broxholme, Lincoln, England
Charles ROBINSON Son U Male 30 Broxholme, Lincoln, England Agricultural Labourer
Robert ROBINSON Son W Male 25 Broxholme, Lincoln, England Agricultural Labourer
Eva ROBINSON Daur U Female 14 Broxholme, Lincoln, England Domestic Servant Unemployed
John Wm. ROBINSON Grandson Male 6 Penistone, York, England Scholar
Thomas ROBINSON Grandson Male 4 Broxholme, Lincoln, England
Family History Library Film 1341773

LINKS? 1881 Census - Born Broxholme
RG11 Piece / Folio 3236 / 40 Page Number 18
Census Place Washingborough, Lincoln, England
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace Occupation Disability
William ROBINSON Head M Male 29 Broxholme, Lincoln, England Ag Lab
Lucy ROBINSON Wife M Female 26 Sturton, Lincoln, England
John W. ROBINSON Son Male 7 Broxholme, Lincoln, England Scholar
Clara E. ROBINSON Daur Female 5 Broxholme, Lincoln, England
Burley ROBINSON Son Male 4 Scopwick, Lincoln, England
George ROBINSON Son Male 2 Skellingthorpe, Lincoln, England
Thomas CARMEN Boarder U Male 19 Curton, Lincoln, England Ag Lab
Family History Library Film 1341771

1901 Census: Peice: 254 Folio: 44 Parish: Chesterfield Bolsover Derbyshire DBY
Name Age Poss Born Occupation Where Born
John Robinson Male 27 1874 Colliery Fan Engine Driver Yorks, Penistone
Marie Robinson Female 26 1875 Derbys, Bolsover
Annie Robinson Female 2 1899 Derbys, Bolsover
Edith Robinson Female 1 1900 Derbys, Bolsover

Worked at Oxcroft pit, Stanfree. Engine write then became a pit boss at Oxcroft & Markham pits.

Some info from 1945:
1945: Oxcroft Colliery Co., Ltd., Shuttlewood, Chestefield Oxcroft (formerly Nos.1,3&5) Manager: H Jones. Below in pit: 587 Above:122
1945 Markham Pit: Markham, No.1, 2 & 4 Manager: L Gross. Ass Mgr: J Ridgeway: S Baker: G Walker.
Oxcroft Colliery Company.
A.B.Markham (Later to become Sir.) Obtained a lease for the coal from the Duke of Devonshire and asked for tenders for the sinking of two shafts to the Top Hard coal at Oxcroft in June 1900. Work commenced on a railway link to serve the colliery in April 1901 from Staveley. In May 1901 the Oxcroft Colliery Company was formed with a capital of 40,000 and A.B.Markham and his brother C.P.Markham as the directors. The company was part of the Staveley Company 'Empire'.

The Oxcroft colliery was originally in Clowne and West Lea Cottages was built to house the workers there, later housing was provided near to the new colliery site at Stanfree and Shuttlewood and the rows of houses off Woodthorpe Road. The company built schools, shops, Miners Welfare Clubs and other local ameneties for the use of miners and their families. The company did not however encourage the miners to form unions.

 
ROBINSON John William
 
326 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
327 Lincolnshire Archives
Broxholme Burials: 1902 Thomas Robinson Broxholme 5 May 1902 81 years W.H.Gooch Rector 
ROBINSON Thomas
 
328 There is a probably correction to the parentage of Hyacinthe Gabrielle Roland (a great great grandmother of the Queen Mother), who appears at: http://www.shamema.com/pafg428.htm#17685
Hugh Farmar, in "A Regency Elopement", pp.169-171 (1969), quotes correspondence indicating that Hyacinthe was not the daughter of her mother's husband, but was the product of an affair with a cavalry officer named Christopher Alexander Fagan:
http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/cp/vol9.shtml#mornington

Chris Phillips 
ROLAND Hyacinthe Gabrielle
 
329 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
330 Although the remains of her family members have been found at Ekaterinburg, the remains of Maria have not been found. Therefore, if anyone survived, it was Maria, not Anastasia. ROMANOV Maria Nicholovna
 
331 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/fr32.html ROOSEVELT Franklin Delano
 
332 [Hollingg.ged]

Buried in Coalville City Cemetery, Sixth Street in Heading North. Second street from North East Part of Cemetery along with her husband William Frisby. 
RUFF Elizabeth Rebecca
 
333 [Hollingg.ged]

Buried in Coalville City Cemetery, Sixth Street in Heading North. Second street from North East Part of Cemetery along with her husband William Frisby. 
RUFF Elizabeth Rebecca
 
334 [Hollingg.ged]

Death regester states he died at Brylis Building, Steward Street, Birmingham, England. Occupation listed as jobbing Laborer, cause of death listed as Bronchitis many years, wife Elizabeth was present at the death. 
RUFF James
 
335 [Hollingg.ged]

Death regester states he died at Brylis Building, Steward Street, Birmingham, England. Occupation listed as jobbing Laborer, cause of death listed as Bronchitis many years, wife Elizabeth was present at the death. 
RUFF James
 
336 Early Reign

Ivan succeeded his father Vasily III, who died in 1533, under the regency of his mother. When she died (1538), the regency alternated among several feuding boyar families (see boyars). Boyar rule ended only in 1546, when Ivan announced his intention of becoming czar. He was crowned in 1547. As czar, Ivan attempted to establish czarist autocracy at the expense of boyar power. In the early years of his reign, he reduced the arbitrary powers of the boyar provincial governors, transferring their functions to locally elected officials. The former boyars' council was replaced by a chosen council consisting of members who owed their status to the czar.

In 1566, Ivan summoned what was probably the first general council of the realm (Zemsky Sobor), composed of representatives of different social ranks, including merchants and lower nobility. After reorganizing the army, Ivan conquered Kazan (1552) and Astrakhan (1556), thereby inaugurating Russia's eastward expansion. The conquest of Siberia by the Cossack Yermak took place late in his reign (158183). Ivan also began trade with England via the White Sea in the mid-1550s. To improve his access to the Baltic Sea, he undertook (1558) a campaign against Livonia. In the resulting war with Poland and Sweden, he was at first successful but was later defeated by Stephen bthory, king of Poland and Lithuania. The peace treaties (1582, 1583) forced the czar to renounce his territorial gains and cede additional territory to Sweden.

Later Reign

In his later years, Ivan's character, always stern, grew tyrannical. Apart from the reverses of the war, the change has been attributed to humiliations at the hands of the boyars during his childhood; a serious illness (1553) and resistance at that time to his efforts to secure the succession of his infant son; the death of his wife, Anastasia Romanov (1560), whom historians credit with exercising a moderating influence; and the defection to Poland of his favorite, Prince Andrew Kurbsky (1564). Suspecting conspiracies everywhere, he acted ruthlessly to consolidate his power. In 1565 he set aside an extensive personal domain, the oprichnina, under his direct control. He established a special corps (oprichniki), responsible to him alone, to whom he granted part of this domain at will. With the help of this corps, he diminished the political influence of the boyars and forcibly confiscated their lands in a reign of terror. Many boyars were executed or exiled.

Ivan formally abolished the oprichnina in 1572, although in effect it continued until 1575. Fits of rage alternated with periods of repentance and prayer; in one of his rages he killed (1581) his son and heir, Ivan. Although the exact number of his wives is uncertain, Ivan probably married seven times, ridding himself of unwanted wives by forcing them to take the veil or arranging for their murder. Despite his cruelty, he was a man of intelligence and learning. Printing was introduced into Russia during his reign. Two sons, Feodor I and Dmitri, survived the czar, but after his death his favorite, Boris Godunov, gained power. 
RUSSIA Ivan IV "The Terrible" Czar Of
 
337 http://www.byu.edu/ipt/projects/middleages/People/IVAN.html RUSSIA Ivan IV "The Terrible" Czar Of
 
338 Carl M. Allstrom records in his "Dictionary of Royal Lineage" that
Marfa "The Nun", the mother of Mikhail Romanov, the 1st Romanov
Czar,was the illegitimate daughter of Ivan "The Terrible" and his
mistress Mayvi. too, in the book "Kingdoms of Europe" it says that
"The Nun" Marfa attended the coronation of her teenage son and blessed
him. earlier, the babe Mikhail was given to the Shestov Family to
raise; and Mikhail's father, Fedor [Filaret] Romanov, the Bishop of
Moscow, married Xenia Shestov, who became Mikhail's step-mother. 
RUSSIA Mikhail, Czar Of
 
339 Some new research on the parentage of the Queen Mother's great grandmother in the maternal line, Ann Caroline Salisbury, has just been published by Edward J. Davies, Genealogists' Magazine, vol. 27, no 8, pp. 348-354 (2002) [Society of Genealogists of London].

Chris Phillips 
SALISBURY Anne Caroline
 
340 Albert, called the Prince Consort, was the husband of Queen Victoria of Britain. The son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, he was born on Aug.26, 1819, near Coburg, Bavaria. He married the young Victoria in 1840. As her closest advisor, Albert exercised a restraining influence on theimpulsive queen, especially in political matters. Among the political leaders of the period, Albert worked well with Sir Robert Peel but quarreled frequently with Viscount Palmerston. In the Trent Affair of 1861 the prince actually moderated the hostility of Palmerston's government toward the United States.

Albert was a patron of the arts and sciences and one of the organizers ofthe Great Exhibition of 1851. His zeal for public moralism in many waysset the tone of mid-Victorian England. Albert's death on Dec. 14, 1861, partly the result of overwork, deeply affected Victoria, who went intoseclusion for several years.

====================================================================

Yet a more promising throne loomed in the near distance. King William IV of Great Britain and his wife, Queen Adelheid Luise, were unable to procreate any children who survived infancy. Their quickly arranged marriage during the Hannoverian wife search in the late 1810’s failed to continue the dynasty. By the time William IV inherited the throne from his brother King George IV in 1830, little Princess Victoria of Kent was the established heiress to the greatest throne of Europe. And when the King of Great Britain died childless in 1837, his eighteen year old niece ascended the throne as Queen Victoria. By the end of Victoria’s second year as monarch, she still remained single. London became the most delightful and promising destination for many young continental princes. Victoria, desperately lonely in her London palace, wanted to find a suitable consort who could keep her company and provide the country with the next generation of princes. Leopold had waited two decades for this opportunity and quickly stepped in with his valuable counsel and matrimonial expertise. Among his several nephews, there was one in particular which Leopold had in mind as Victoria’s future husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Duke Ernst I and Duchess Louise had a very unhappy marriage. The heiress of Gotha had arrived at Coburg in 1817 to find a husband who was not much interested in her. Duke Ernst paid more attention to the aggrandizement of his little duchy than to the youthful girl he had married. Within two years of their wedding the couple had two princes, Ernst and Albert. Once having fulfilled her main role to secure the succession, Ernst paid very little attention to Luise. In her loneliness, the young duchess sought companionship among the courtiers of her husband’s little court. By the mid-1820’s the marriage had collapsed, the ducal couple divorced and Luise fallen in love with a young German aristocrat. Left in Coburg were the two little princes who never again saw much of their mother. Prince Ernst of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha would succeed his father on the ducal throne; Prince Albert needed to find a future. Leopold I and Queen Louise-Marie were tremendously fond of the two princes. Ernst and Albert spent long periods at their uncle’s court in Brussels. While Ernst developed into a licentious young man, Albert remained unspoiled, studious and conscientious of his future possibilities. In 1839 the brothers traveled to London to pay their respects to their royal cousin. Although initially apprehensive about Albert as a husband, Victoria quickly surrendered to his mild manner and good looks. There engagement was announced with great delight in 1839. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Queen Victoria of Great Britain were married in London on 24 January 1840. No longer were the Coburgs considered a small, forgotten princely house from the depths of the Thuringian woods. In one decade, the Coburgs had attained the thrones of three European countries. 
SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA Albert (Francis) Augustus Charles Prince Of
 
341 http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/cgi-bin/gedlkup/n=royal?royal22908

"You can find all of the bastards of all of the Scottish Kings in the article on "The Kings of Scotland", which appeared in volume I [1904] of *The Scots Peerage*, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul. The article is on
pp. 1-36." 
SCOTLAND James V King Of
 
342 It appears that James Dundas (1734-1788), a Scot who settled at Philadelphia in 1757, was descended from no fewer than ten of the thirteen legitimate children of King Robert II of Scotland.

1. Robert III, King of Scotland.
2. Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany.
3. Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan (the "Wolf of Badenoch").
4. Isabella Stewart, m. Sir John Edmonstone, of Edmonstone.
5. Elizabeth Stewart, m. Sir Thomas Hay, of Erroll.
6. Margaret Stewart, m. John Macdonald, Lord of the Isles.
7. Joan Stewart, m. Sir James Sandilands, of Calder.
8. David Stewart, 1st Earl of Strathearn and Caithness.
9. Egidia Stewart, m. Sir William Douglas, of Nithsdale.
10. Jean (or Katherine or Elizabeth) Stewart, m. Sir David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford.

I have never encountered a case of descent from so many siblings and half-siblings. Can any one match it?

From: "Clagett, Brice"  
SCOTLAND Robert II King Of
 
343 The change between Stewart and Stuart took place when Mary, Queen of Scots married the Dauphin, later Francois II of France. The French spelled her surname "Stuart", and when she returned, a widow, to Scotland, after 13 years in France, she kept the spelling, which her various half-siblings and cousins gradually adopted. She married one of the cousins, so her son was also a Stuart.

Jean Coeur de Lapin
atsarisborn@hotmail.com 
SCOTS Mary Queen Of
 
344 Cotmanhay Church, Parish Records - Marriages:
9 Aug 1875 Thomas Hallam 22 B Contractor Shi John Hallam Underviewer
Married Grace Severn 17 S Map James Severn Contractor
Witness: Thomas Severn / Sarah Ann Meakin 
SEVERN Grace
 
345 Corinne Jamieson - corinne/@/jamiesons.freeuk.com Descendant of Ephraim Shaw SHAW Ephraim
 
346 Carl M. Allstrom records in his "Dictionary of Royal Lineage" that
Marfa "The Nun", the mother of Mikhail Romanov, the 1st Romanov
Czar,was the illegitimate daughter of Ivan "The Terrible" and his
mistress Mayvi. too, in the book "Kingdoms of Europe" it says that
"The Nun" Marfa attended the coronation of her teenage son and blessed
him. Earlier, the babe Mikhail was given to the Shestov Family to
raise; and Mikhail's father, Fedor [Filaret] Romanov, the Bishop of
Moscow, married Xenia Shestov, who became Mikhail's step-mother. 
SHESTOVA Kseniya Marfa Ivanovna
 
347 BMD Site:
Deaths Jun Qtr 1884 Hallam Mary 70 Basford 7b 60  
SHORE Mary
 
348 [Hallam 18 Jan 02.GED]

Inscription on her headstone reads.
In Loving memory of Ann Elizabeth. The beloved wife of Robert Harris who died April 18th 1923,aged 56 years, peace, perfect peace.
She had lost an eye in an accident, she was dragged by a horse.

Web Link to South Normanton:
http://www.southnormanton.com/history.html 
SIMPSON Ann Elizabeth
 
349 [Hallam 18 Jan 02.GED]

No proof as yet to as this is the right Benjamin that is buried inBirchwood, although the dates of years old are right, and he is buriedWith a sister named Elizabeth.
A stone is in Birchwood churchyard. he aged 
SIMPSON Benjamin
 
350 [Hallam 18 Jan 02.GED]

South Normanton General Register -
Baptism 1811 Oct 6 Benjn Smith Simpson Spurious son Lydia Simpson

Also named on the 1851 census for Birchwood living at time of the census are, M Griffin, a married female, aged 28, a visitor, born Selston. (could this be Elizabeth's sister ) and her son G Griffin, aged 6 months old, also a visitor, born in Leicester. Also M Fearn a female visitor,aged 19, born in Ilkeston.

Source Info: 1881 Census: Dwelling Birchwood Lane Lower Birchwood Census Place Alfreton, Derby, England
Family History Library Film 1341817 PRO Ref: RG11 Piece / Folio 3416 / 126 Page Number 41
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Age Birthplace Occupation
Elizabeth SIMPSON Head W Female 54 Pinxton, Derby, England
Mary SIMPSON Daur U Female 26 Birchwood, Derby, England General Servant
Elizabeth SIMPSON Daur U Female 21 Birchwood, Derby, England General Servant
Benjamin SIMPSON Son U Male 17 Birchwood, Derby, England Agricultural Labourer
Enoch GOULDER Lodger U Male 21 Leabrook, Derby, England Railway Wagon Builder

 
SIMPSON Benjamin Smith
 

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